The Ecosystem of Kildermorie

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The ecosystem of Kildermorie Estate is carefully preserved and nurtured, maintaining the natural balance of the wild Scottish Highlands and the abundance of flora and fauna to be found there. Any disturbance necessary to provide the comforts of modern living is carefully planned and strictly managed by the owners.


Overgrazed land produces a barren landscape; to regenerate an area, fencing is necessary. Though unsightly in the short term, the rewards are quickly evident, and since the fenced areas occupy a very small percentage of the land available to the grazing wild animals, there is no impact on their food supply.

An old and decayed birch tree is surrounded by young birch saplings, and an old tree regenerates from the base of its trunk. A wild columbine Aquilegia vulgaris finds its way through the young trees; a heath spotted orchid Dactylorhiza maculata and bugle Ajuga reptans thrive on land previously grazed bare.

The curious hoof fungus Fomes fomentarius is a tough stem decay polypore; in Northern Scotland it is mainly found on birch which it infects through broken bark, causing rot.

The young birch, rowan and conifers in this woodland have all grown from naturally dispersed seeds from the surviving mature trees - but only since the area was fenced.

When the young trees are fully established, the fences will be removed and other areas in poor condition will be identified and protected.


In addition to natural regeneration at Kildermorie Estate, in excess of one million trees have been planted in the open areas of the hill to provide much-needed winter shelter for the deer (see photo), and recent land purchases (HISTORY) provided another 2 million trees.


Kildermorie Estate is fortunate to have a spring water supply adequate to satisfy the needs of all of the estate properties. Although this water is potable, a highly sophisticated water treatment plant meeting current EU legislation has been installed. This water treatment plant delivers water to all the residential properties on the estate, in addition to supplying the game larder facilities. Burn water is also harnessed and used where potable water is not required.


The offgrid electrical system at Kildermorie is powered by a hydro (water) turbine. During periods where the flow of water is insufficient to meet the electricity demands of the Estate a battery bank provides additional power to the grid. In the event of a longer term water shortage a backup generator can automatically provide emergency power to the batteries, if required.

In 2020, for the convenience of guests, Kildermorie Estate installed two charging points for electric/hybrid vehicles. Because of daytime demands on our electricity supply, this chargeable service is available overnight on a 'first booked, first served' basis.